Gingivitis is an inflamatory process limited to the mucosal epithelial tissue surrounding the cervical portion of the teeth and the alveolar processes.
Gingivites has been classified by clinical appearance (ulcerative,hemorhacic,necrotizing,purulent) etiology (drug-induced, hormonal,nutritional,infectiouces,plaque-induced) and duration(acute,chronic)
The most common type of gingivitis is a chronic form induced by plaque.
What are the symptoms of gingivitis
*Gums that are red,tender or swollen
*Gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth
*Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
*A change in how your teeth fit together when you bite
*Pain when chewing
*Partial dentures that no longer fit
*Foul-swelling breath that does not go away after you brush your teeth
How is gingivitis treated
Scaling-removes tartar from above and below he gum line
Laser may remove tartar with less pain and bleeding than scalling and root planing
Antibiotic mouth-wash containing clorhexidine can be used to disinfect the mouth
Time-release antiseptic chips containing clorhexidine can be inserted into pockets after root planing.
Oral antibiotics can be used to treat persistent areas of gum inflamation