Dentists often use composite filling materials to fill cavities, repair cracks and fractures in teeth and repair worn surfaces. Composite materials can be used for filling in the back group teeth as well as in the front group teeth as aesthetic materials.
Composite Lamina Before Application
When deciding on composite lamina application;
In order to determine whether your dental problem will be solved directly with composite lamina, your dentist will first make a comprehensive examination and evaluation of your teeth and gums.
While your dentist is doing your examination, he makes an evaluation by looking at the caries, cracks, fractures and cavities in your teeth. because if the PROBLEMS that cause this abrasion in the teeth are not eliminated, there will be problems in the composites in the future. therefore, composite lamina application is not performed without eliminating the cause of the problems.
Composite laminates are now long-lasting restorations with developing technology. For this reason, it is necessary to evaluate natural teeth. If the natural teeth need to be whiter, teeth whitening method can be used for a white appearance beforehand. In addition, in order not to make excessively thick composite laminates, the crowding of the teeth is corrected with alignment treatments beforehand. in other words, a preliminary preparation is made for composite laminates.
MOCK UP application can also be performed before you decide on the new appearance of your teeth.
Composite Lamina Application Stages
Direct composite lamina application
Composite lamina application to be used in smile design is started by deciding on the shape and shape of the tooth to be made as a result of the examination performed beforehand. In the MOCK UP Application, which is one of the most important stages of aesthetic dentistry and allows our patients to make decisions more easily, our patient’s taste and expectations are understood in a way.
These expectations and requests are evaluated for the last time and the composite material colour and the material in the layers to be used are decided.
Direct composite bonding requires precise placement of the restorative material by the dentist. During this process, which requires great precision, the surface of the tooth is completely isolated from saliva, that is, saliva should never touch the tooth during this application.
Preparation of the tooth
The tooth surface should be cleaned with special disinfectants and cleaners and prepared for the bonding process. In the bonding process, firstly, the outer surface is made clean, if there is caries, the caries are cleaned. It is very important that the gums and gum tissue are free of bleeding and there is no tartar. Such preparations must be made before composite lamina, in other words, tartar must be cleaned and the necessary oral care rules must be explained and conveyed to our patients.
Placing the composite
According to the colour of the restoration to be made, the composite is adhered to the tooth in layers, while appropriate colours are used in the layers in order to provide a whiter appearance of the tooth with the transparency of the tip of the teeth. Special composites are used in this application.
During this placement, the dental surgeon performs the placement process directly on the teeth, almost like a sculptor, taking into account the patient’s face, nose, jaw tip, and the position of the lips. After the composite is placed each time, the composite is hardened by irradiation with a radiant filling device.
Shaping of composite laminates
After the composites are placed and the hardening process is completed, the laminates are polished and adapted by sanding the upper surfaces in accordance with the shape of the face. In the meantime, both micro and macro harmony of the teeth with the face is realised. The adaptations of the composites on the back of the teeth are corrected. Necessary areas are created for flossing. In other words, the tooth surface is prepared for both cleaning and aesthetic appearance.
What is the application time of composite laminates?
The application time of approximately six composite laminates is 2-2.5 hours. The new appearance is completed in a single session.
How should composite laminates be maintained?
On the first day of composite laminates, tea, coffee, cola, cigarette use is prohibited for 24 hours because composites are not resistant to these types of colourants within 24 hours of hardening. Non-abrasive pastes are recommended during brushing. Normal tooth brushing and interface care should be carried out according to the advice of the dentist. Night plaques are helpful for longer use of composite laminates. Coming to controls every six months is important for the use of composite laminates for many years.