The main reasons for tooth extraction can be listed as tooth decay, tooth infection, dietary problems, trauma, orthodontic treatment.
HOW IS TOOTH EXTRACTION PERFORMED?
While normally decayed teeth in the mouth can be extracted with a simple extraction procedure, broken or impacted teeth may require a more advanced surgical operation. The dentist will first apply tropical anesthesia to numb the area and prevent you from feeling pain. He or she will then inject a local anesthetic. Gentle movements are applied to the tooth with instruments that are individually designed for each tooth. The patient will never feel pain, but may feel slight pressure. After the tooth is extracted, a blood clot forms in the cavity. The dentist closes the cavity with gauze to stop the bleeding. Ozone therapy is applied in our clinic to accelerate wound healing.
Teeth can be embedded or semi-embedded in the mouth outside their normal position.
IMPACTED TOOTH EXTRACTION:
The tooth may remain embedded under the gum, another tooth or bone due to space limitation in the jaw structure. Mostly wisdom teeth are at risk of becoming impacted. Impacted teeth appear during the body’s development process. While in some patients they help with chewing functions, in others they may develop in a way that harms oral and dental health and even general health. In this case, they need to be removed. However, if their relationship with surrounding tissues and other teeth does not pose a risk, they can be followed up.
EXTRACTION OF HALF IMPACTED TEETH
Caries; bacteria and food residues accumulate very easily around the half-implanted tooth. This causes the tooth next to it to decay. In order to prevent this area, which is difficult to clean, from causing decay, the partially impacted tooth must be removed.
Gum Infection: When impacted teeth are half erupted, bacteria accumulate under the gums and cause infection. Infection can cause discomfort such as bad breath, pain, swelling and difficulty in opening the mouth in the later stages.
WHAT IS IMPACTED TOOTH EXTRACTION LIKE?
The ease or difficulty of impacted tooth surgery depends on some conditions such as the location, position and root formation of the tooth. Before the extraction, a two-dimensional dental x-ray or, if necessary, a 3-dimensional tomography should be taken to examine the area in more detail.
Topical and then local anesthesia is applied for the extraction of the impacted tooth. Depending on its position, the tooth is removed whole or divided.
The doctor decides which method is suitable for the patient’s general health. Thus, the patient does not feel any pain during the operation. The area is stitched after extraction. After 1 week, the stitches are removed. Ozone therapy is applied to the extraction area after the operation.
After the extraction, swelling may occur in the area and pain may develop as the effect of anesthesia wears off. In this case, antibiotics and painkillers prescribed by the physician should be used regularly.
THINGS TO CONSIDER AFTER TOOTH EXTRACTION:
- Keep the sterile gauze placed in your extraction cavity for 20 minutes. After 20 minutes, if there is bleeding when you throw it away, put the spare sterile gauze we give you.
- Do not eat or drink for 2 hours.
- Avoid hot food and drinks for 24 hours. Avoid foods with grains (rice, chickpeas, bulgur… etc.) as they can get into your extraction cavity. Do not drink acidic drinks as they may affect the clot formed in the extraction site and cause bleeding again.
- Avoid alcohol and cigarettes that increase bleeding and delay healing.
- There will be bleeding in the form of leakage from the extraction cavity for 4-6 hours following the extraction, do not increase this bleeding by sucking and spitting.
- Do not use a toothbrush for the first 24 hours. From the 2nd night, you can brush your teeth.
- Use the antibiotic given to you until the box is finished. If you have pain, use a painkiller other than aspirin.
- In case of abnormal bleeding or pain, call and talk to your doctor.