Gum diseases, referred to as periodontal diseases in dentistry, occur due to trauma or infection of the tissues that protect the gums and teeth. Gum diseases are the most common cause of tooth loss after caries. Since most of them progress painlessly, it can be difficult for patients to recognize them and the risk of losing the tooth will increase when it is late. However, very successful results can be obtained in early diagnosed gum diseases and tooth loss can be prevented. In the initial stage of gum disease, gingivitis occurs. In this stage, bleeding gums, redness and swelling of the gums occur. Although it does not cause much discomfort at first, it may cause permanent damage to the jawbone in the future.
SYMPTOMS OF GUM DISEASE
- Bleeding gums
- Red, swollen and sensitive diet
- Loss of tooth root and gingival connection, which we call periodontal pocket formation
- Inflammation between teeth and in the gums
- Gradual widening of the distance between the teeth, formation of gaps
- Bad breath despite regular brushing
- Exposure of tooth roots
- Wobbling of the teeth
- Hot and cold sensitivity, tingling
CAUSES OF GUM DISEASE
The most effective cause of gum disease is microbial dental plaque. This plaque is a colorless layer on the tooth surface. Daily oral care is a prerequisite for getting rid of this bacterial plaque. It is necessary to brush your teeth at least twice a day and use a dentalip once a day. If this plaque is neglected to be cleaned, it will turn into tartar, that is, tartar, over time and cause gum disease.
In addition to microbial dental plaque, smoking, some systemic diseases such as diabetes, leukemia and AIDS, stress, the use of certain medications such as heart and blood pressure medications, anticonvulsants, antidepressants and oral contraceptives, and eating habits are also effective in the formation of gum diseases.
Crowding or bite problems that cause the teeth not to be cleaned well also accelerate gum disease. Having the teeth in a correct bite relationship is important for both hygiene and correct force distribution.
Bruxism, the habit of clenching and grinding teeth, which has been increasing in the society in recent years, also accelerates the existing gum problem. In addition, familial predisposition should be taken into consideration in risky individuals.