Teeth Whitening (Bleaching)
Teeth whitening is a treatment method that has been used in dentistry for a long time. This method is also called ‘bleaching’ and ‘bleaching’.
Teeth whitening is divided into two:
- Physical Whitening
- Chemical Bleaching
Physical whitening is the process of removing the external discolouration of our teeth (tea, coffee, smoking, etc.) with the help of a process called poluture, that is, a brush compatible with the rotating instruments used by the dentist. This process does not cause any change in the main colour of the tooth, only external discolourations are cleaned.
This whitening process is a whitening process applied to the dentin layer, which gives the tooth its colour, with gels applied on the tooth. Generally, these procedures are performed with bleaching products whose main ingredient is carbamide peroxide and / or hydrogen peroxide.
Chemical bleaching is also divided into two;
Home whitening: In this whitening system, the patient’s intraoral measurements are taken and personalised trays are prepared. These trays and whitening gel are given to the patient and the use is explained to the patient, the patient is told that he/she should apply this procedure in the desired number of days and a control appointment is arranged. At the control appointment, the whitening level is checked and the patient is told to continue with the plaque and gel if necessary, and to terminate the treatment if not necessary.
Office whitening: This whitening system is applied by the physician in a clinical environment. The whitening gel applied to the tooth surface by the physician is activated by applying a laser system. This whitening system takes about 45 minutes, the physician changes the whitening gel at certain intervals and ensures that the whitening gel acts longer.
In the past (5-10 years ago), high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide gels were used to whiten teeth quickly, but since this caused high sensitivity in patients, today, hydrogen peroxide concentrations are reduced and hydroxyapatite products that repair tooth enamel are used. Thanks to these products, post-whitening sensitivity in people has decreased and the bleaching time has been prolonged.
Who is not allowed to bleaching?
Under the age of 18, we do not recommend bleaching, and in the relevant literature, bleaching is not recommended under the age of 18 because the development of teeth is not complete.
Those with cracks and fractures in the tooth enamel; Whitening is not recommended because this will cause excessive sensitivity in the person, Necessary treatment is directed after the physician’s examination.
Smokers; It is not recommended because it will return in a very short time after the whitening process.
What is the Lifespan of Teeth Whitening?
It can be used easily for 1.5-2 years with regular oral care and controls.
How often can teeth whitening be applied?
It is suitable to be done every 1.5-2 years.
Our patients who apply to the dentist with the request of smile design often have a smile they want to achieve and problems with their teeth that they want to be corrected. Sometimes the aim is a new image and even a new expression of discovery on their faces.
A detailed examination is essential for a good smile design. As our first step, a series of photographs are taken for smile analysis. It is imperative that our patients are informed about the problems in the teeth and possible treatment alternatives through the photographs.
Many analysis methods and the result to be achieved are personalised. Physicians plan the treatment by considering criteria such as lips, gums, facial features and jaw tip and in line with the expectations of our patients.
Then, it is ensured that the planned design is seen on the patient’s own teeth. This stage allows both patients and physicians to see what has been done in a common image.