What is a Filling?
Filling; It is the most basic treatment method applied to restore broken teeth that have been damaged by caries or have lost material due to trauma. Today, many different materials are used for filling.
Composite filling, commonly known as radiant filling or white filling, is a kind of plastic mixture containing silicon dioxide particles. The decay is cleaned and the tooth cavity called cavity is prepared. A special method called adhesive system (bonding) is used to bond the composite filling to the tooth. Chemical bonding of the composite material to the tooth is realised with LED light or halogen light devices.
It is sufficient to clean the decay without the need for extra abrasion from the tooth. It is extremely durable as the remaining tooth tissues are supported. It integrates with the tooth and does not fall off. Having colour options provides ease of use and high aesthetic results in every region. It can be used in the mouth for many years if sensitivity is shown in the application.
Fibre-reinforced composite fillings and ceramic-containing composite fillings, which are preferred depending on the amount of material loss, are developing composite technologies. They are advantageous in terms of durability.
Porcelain Fillings (Inlay-Onlay)
It is possible to restore teeth that have suffered serious material loss but do not need to be coated with porcelain fillings.
In the first session, the decay is cleaned and necessary arrangements are made. Then an impression is taken and the tooth is closed with a temporary filling. Porcelain filling is prepared in the laboratory environment and in the second session, the compatibility of the filling with the tooth, its height, colour are checked and adhered to the tooth. Thanks to its high polishability, plaque retention is very low.
Thanks to Cad glass technologies, digital measurement and computer-aided production minimises the time between two sessions. The margin of error is close to zero. Aesthetic harmony is perfect and restorations closest to nature are produced.
Glass Ionomer Fillings
They are used in children’s milk teeth because they are easy to apply and contain fluoride which protects the teeth against caries. In adults, it is used as a long-term temporary filling material. Traditional glass ionomer fillings are weaker than composite fillings. Aesthetically, they look more opaque and dull compared to natural tooth colour.
Amalgam is a special alloy obtained by mixing mercury, which is a metal in liquid form at room temperature, with other metal powders such as silver, tin, copper, zinc in solid form, and has been used for many years due to its features such as easy application and low cost. It is not applied in our clinic due to reasons such as not being aesthetic, establishing only a physical connection with the tooth, deforming under pressure and heat.