What is Dental Calculus?
Dental calculus is the attachments rich in microorganisms with both organic and inorganic content, often on the back surface of the teeth, formed as a result of the inability to remove dental plaque, especially after the consumption of food in the mouth, after eating and drinking. Especially in the areas where the salivary glands open to the mouth (such as the back surfaces of the lower front teeth, the surface of the upper first molar tooth facing the cheek side), dental calculus accumulation is observed.
Why Dental Calculus Forms?
- Poor oral hygiene
- The acidity of the amount of saliva
- Nutrition (coffee, tea, excessive consumption of sugary foods)
- It shows its presence in the mouth by being affected by conditions such as genetics (familial predisposition).
The formation of dental calculus is increased by poorly made restorations in the mouth, broken fillings, etc. areas that show an adhesive surface. Smoking, frequent consumption of excessive sweet and sugary foods are among the reasons that increase the formation of dental calculus.
Tooth Stone Types
There are two types of calculus:
The first one is what we call “Supragingival”, white, brown attachments formed on the visible surface of the tooth.
The second one is “Subgingival”, which is formed under the gum. Excessive calculus is a sign of gum disease and causes gingival recession. For this reason, it is very important to have six-monthly dentist checks and, if necessary, follow-up by a gum disease and surgery specialist (periodontologist).
How is Tartar Cleaning Performed?
In tartar cleaning, the attachments on the teeth are cleaned by the dentist with special hand tools. The tools used are tools that do not damage the tooth and gum tissue. Nowadays, vibrating instruments that remove tartar from the teeth have also started to be used in practice. None of these tools cause any abrasion or scratching on the teeth.
Should 6-monthly tartar cleaning be performed?
Every 6 months, a dentist control must be done. If you have existing tartar, scaling can be performed. If there is no tartar, there is no need for cleaning.
What Happens If Tartar Cleaning Is Not Performed?
Since dental calculus is a structure consisting of microorganisms, if it is not cleaned; It causes bleeding in the gums, gingival recession, bad breath and tooth decay.