Mostly, cavities and soft areas that appear as black spots on our teeth are called caries.
Interface caries, which we call hidden caries, are caries that cannot be seen on the teeth at first glance, but can be diagnosed by a doctor’s examination and radiographic film. It often manifests itself in the form of sensitivity when eating sweets.
How does tooth decay occur?
The routine Ph value of our saliva, which protects our oral environment including our teeth (gums, jawbone and soft tissues), provides a living environment for our oral bacteria, and washes the inside of the mouth, is around 7-7.2, i.e. neutral. With the consumption of floury and sugary foods, the pH of saliva drops to 5.5 and creates an acidic environment. In an acidic environment, caries-causing bacteria become dominant. Tooth enamel, which is exposed to acidic environment for a long time, is destroyed with the effect of caries-causing bacteria and tooth decay occurs.
Since dental caries is an infectious disease, if it is present in one tooth, it infects other teeth.
In order to prevent dental caries, existing caries should be eliminated and the existing eating habits of the person should be questioned and changed if possible. At the same time, systemic diseases that cause the oral environment to be acidic should be questioned.
If the person has stomach disorders, bulimia neurosis, etc., tooth decay may occur due to stomach acid coming into the mouth, and if the person has diabetes, antidepressant use, etc., tooth decay may occur due to dry mouth.
Mouth breathing also prepares the ground for the formation of dental caries, especially at night, as it causes sleeping with the mouth open.
Dt. Betül Saylar